|9.2.5 Irrealis of the past tense|
If the dog hadn't eaten (past perfect) the lottery ticket we would have won (conditional perfect) the 10 million Euro. (but the dog has eaten the lottery ticket and we did not win)
The Spanish Irrealis is formed with the subjuntivo plusquamperfecto in the si-sentence and the condicional perfecto in the second part of the sentence.
dado el dinero,
si me lo hubiera (hubiese) pedido.
|I would have
given him the money,
if he had asked me.
construido la casa,
si hubieramos tenido dinero.
have built the house,
if we had had the money.*
ido a España,
si no se hubiera quebrado una pierna.
have gone to Spain,
if he hadn't broken his leg.
si hubiéramos sabido qué os hace falta.
have given you something,
if we had known what you need.
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