9.1.1 The Spanish subjuntivo

In general could be said that the subjuntivo expresses something not real, something intended, something not-defined, desired or feared, a recommendation or necessity. It means that the things that the speaker talks about mostly happen in his head not in reality. He desires, hopes, wishes, fears, suggests that the things he is talking about would happen.


correct: Yo quiero que vengas
incorrect: Yo quiero que vienes
I want that you come.

correct: Exijo que gastes menos dinero.
incorrect: Exijo que gastas menos dinero
I demand that you spend less money.

correct: Insiste en que hagamos el trabajo
incorrect: Insiste en que hacemos el trabajo
He insists that we do the work.

English the sentences are put like a fact and a conjunctive would make matters even worse:

I want that you would come.
I demand that you would spend less money.
He insists that we would do the work.

In some cases the conjunctive do work in English. Still in Spanish there is only one possibility.


correct: No hay nadie que lo sepa.
incorrect: Na hay nadie que lo sabe.
There is nobody who knows.
There is nobody who would know

correct: No hay nadie que haya leido el libro.
incorrect: No hay nadie que ha leido el libro.
There is nobody who has read the book.
There is nobody who would have read the book.

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